Banana - genus of perennial herbs (yes, that's right!). This grass grows to a height of 10 meters at its stem form clusters consisting of brushes. Each brush is from 6 to 20 bananas, and the total number in the cluster reaches up to 300 pieces! This bunch weighs 10 to 35 kg, but there are instances weighing 75 kg. One stem fruiting once, then dies, and from dormant buds rhizome grows a new offspring. Time from the beginning of stem growth to fruiting is about a year. The fruit itself (berry, by the way) has an elongated, slightly curved, ribbed form. Flesh is sweet, white to cream color, with a pleasant sweet flavor and delicate aroma.
Bananas are often classified into three types: banana brahmin dwarf (or Chinese) banana and plantains.
For many populations bananas are an important food that replaces bread, meat, potatoes and other products. Ripe bananas are used as a dessert, and immature - like vegetables. They are fried, baked, boiled in oil, smoked and dried in the sun. Varieties of bananas and plantains, which in its raw form is impossible to eat because of the high starch content, make the flour, chips, soup and even brew beer.
In India and other Asian countries on banana leaves served buffet or use them as plates.
Banana - perhaps the only fruit, never giving an allergic reaction, so it can be safely given even to infants.
Banana considered one of the "energy" products - natural sugars (sucrose, fructose and glucose) in conjunction with fiber makes it an indispensable energy source.
Banana contains tryptophan, converted in the body into serotonin - the hormone of happiness, so the banana diet is useful for the treatment of depression. High iron content helps make hemoglobin. Due to the high potassium content and lack of banana salt lowers blood pressure and helps with constipation and heartburn.
Banana Diet - a good way to lose weight, but do not need to mix with pasta bananas and biscuits , otherwise the effect will be opposite.
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