Lemon - a hybrid of citrus and bitter orange. Homeland lemon is unknown, but scientists are inclined to believe that the plant appeared in India or China. For centuries in Asia lemons used as an antiseptic and antidote for various poisonings.
In Europe lemons got through the southern part of Italy in the I century BC, and to the VII century they spread to the Old World. Lemon trees were pearls Arab gardens where grown for decoration. Cultivation of lemons for culinary purposes began in the XVII century in Genoa. Today, the largest exporters of lemons - India, Mexico and Argentina.
In cooking, all parts are used lemon fruit: pulp, juice and zest.
Property of citric acid to soften the collagen is widely used in meat dishes, and a strong smell of fresh lemon makes a good addition to fish and seafood. Using lemon juice can prevent browning apples, avocados and bananas. Lemons can be added to salads, sauces, sandwiches, rice for flavor accent.
Lemons are widely used in the confectionery business. Zest added to pastries, cakes, creams, lemon juice quenched soda, lemon wedges served with tea, coffee, or used to decorate cakes.
On the basis of lemon juice prepared cocktails , soft drinks, ice cream and other desserts are refreshing. Lemon juice curdled some cheeses. Lemon zest flavored alcoholic beverages, and lemon wedges to serve brandy and vodka.
In Morocco, small lemons for several weeks and even months pickled in brine with spices. Pickled lemons are used in soups, meat dishes, salads, cocktails. This is the most effective way to keep the useful properties of lemons until the next harvest.
Lemons are used in other areas besides cooking. Lemon juice can be polished copper surface, remove stains and disinfect cookware repellency. Lemon peel - natural flavoring for indoor use.
Lemon juice is used for cosmetic purposes and to mitigate skin whitening, nail strengthening, giving shine to hair.
Lemon can be grown as an ornamental houseplant and even get him to 200 fruits annually.
In medicine, lemons consumed with vitamin deficiency, angina, hypertension, rheumatism, diseases of the stomach and intestines, nausea. Substances contained in lemon peel and pulp, increase appetite and promote digestion.
Lemons contain carbohydrates, proteins and fat little (essential oils). In the pulp of lemons are a large number of organic acids: citric, malic, ascorbic.
The main value of lemons - high content of vitamin C and a complex of B vitamins from micro-and macro lemons contain calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc.